This policy brief summarises the main lessons of four studies prepared in the Youth Employment PartnerSHIP project. Each study evaluated the impact on young people of one or several employment policies using counterfactual quantitative methods based on administrative data from four countries. The issue of youth unemployment is relevant in all of these countries, although the specific conditions differ. Whereas in Italy and Spain the main problem is that young people are often able to secure only temporary employment, in Hungary and Poland, youth from vulnerable backgrounds are often unable to enter the labour market altogether. The general recommendations presented in this policy brief can help to improve the development of policies aimed at youth and other target groups and can assist the Member States in implementing the agenda put forward in the ‘Bridge to Jobs’ Recommendation of the EU Commission.